Otitis externa, also known as swimmer’s ear, is a common condition characterized by swelling, and infection of the external ear canal. It can be a painful and uncomfortable experience, and if left untreated, can lead to complications.
It is more common in warm and humid climates and affects more males than females. The most common cause of otitis externa is bacterial infection.
Symptoms: vary from mild to severe and can include:
Pain and discomfort in the ear
Redness and swelling of the ear canal
Drainage or discharge from the ear
Hearing loss or muffled hearing
Fever (in severe cases)
Treatment: The treatment of otitis externa depends on the severity of the condition. Antibiotic drops may be prescribed if the infection is bacterial in origin. In severe cases, oral antibiotics may be necessary.
Prevention: Prevention is key in avoiding otitis externa. Measures that can help prevent the condition include:
Drying the ears thoroughly after swimming or showering
Avoiding the use of cotton swabs or other objects to clean the ear canal
Using ear plugs when swimming or showering
Avoiding exposure to irritants such as hair dyes and other chemicals